Evaluating the Top Application Security Tools: From Static Analysis to Runtime Protection

Alexandre Anacleto Libanio Xavier Fernandes *

Publicis Sapient, Toronto, Canada.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


This review article evaluates the effectiveness of application security tools, including static analysis techniques and runtime protection mechanisms, against the backdrop of the growing global cybersecurity market and evolving cyber threats. Through a comprehensive review, the study aims to assist developers, security professionals, and organizations in selecting the most effective tools to enhance application security. Employing a mix of theoretical analysis and empirical benchmarking, the paper analyzes static application security testing (SAST), dynamic application security testing (DAST), and runtime application self-protection (RASP) technologies. Findings indicate that while SAST tools are essential for early vulnerability detection, they may generate false positives and overlook runtime vulnerabilities. DAST tools, in contrast, effectively identify runtime issues but lack insight into internal application processes. RASP technologies offer real-time protection but face integration and performance challenges. The paper concludes with a recommendation for a layered security approach, combining SAST, DAST, and RASP tools to achieve comprehensive application security, thus contributing a novel perspective to the discourse on cybersecurity tool efficacy.

Keywords: Application security, cybersecurity, SAST, DAST, RASP, vulnerability detection, software development lifecycle, real-time protection, cyber threats, security tools

How to Cite

Fernandes, Alexandre Anacleto Libanio Xavier. 2024. “Evaluating the Top Application Security Tools: From Static Analysis to Runtime Protection”. Asian Journal of Research in Computer Science 17 (7):119-27. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajrcos/2024/v17i7483.


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