Cybersecurity Considerations for Smart Bangladesh: Challenges and Solutions

Sree Pradip Kumer Sarker *

Bangladesh University of Professionals, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh.

Raza Zahir Khan

Bangladesh University of Professionals, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Cybersecurity stands as a cornerstone for safeguarding the integrity, security, and prosperity of a nation in the digital era. It involves a multifaceted approach to protect interconnected digital systems, critical infrastructure, and sensitive data. In the context of a smart nation, where interconnected devices, sensors, and systems are integrated to enhance efficiency and quality of life, cybersecurity becomes even more crucial. As Bangladesh progresses towards its vision of becoming a Smart Nation, characterized by extensive integration of digital technologies into various sectors, cybersecurity emerges as a critical concern. The rapid digitization of infrastructure and services, driven by initiatives such as smart cities, e-governance, and digital healthcare, introduces new vulnerabilities and threats that must be addressed to safeguard against cyber-attacks and protect sensitive data. This paper explores the cybersecurity landscape of Bangladesh in the context of its Smart Nation aspirations, identifying key challenges and proposing solutions to mitigate risks. The cybersecurity challenges facing Smart Bangladesh initiatives are multifaceted and include inadequate cybersecurity policies, limited awareness and education, insufficient investment in cybersecurity infrastructure, and the proliferation of Internet of Things (IoT) devices with inherent vulnerabilities. These challenges expose smart systems to a range of threats, including malware and ransomware attacks, data breaches, insider threats, Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, and IoT vulnerabilities. To address these challenges, stakeholders must adopt a proactive and multi-layered approach to cybersecurity. Recommendations include the development of comprehensive cybersecurity policies, enhanced public awareness and education campaigns, investment in cybersecurity infrastructure, implementation of secure-by-design principles in smart infrastructure development, and fostering public-private partnerships to share threat intelligence and resources. By prioritizing cybersecurity considerations and implementing robust cybersecurity measures, Bangladesh can build a resilient and secure digital ecosystem that supports its Smart Nation goals. However, addressing cybersecurity challenges requires coordinated efforts from government agencies, private sector organizations, academia, and civil society to create a cyber-resilient environment conducive to sustainable development and innovation. The author found this area of utmost interest and decided to delve deep into the aspects related to cybersecurity, in order to develop a well-designed journey towards a digitally transformed Bangladesh.

Keywords: Cybersecurity, smart Bangladesh, smart cities, threats, solutions, policy

How to Cite

Sarker, S. P. K., & Khan , R. Z. (2024). Cybersecurity Considerations for Smart Bangladesh: Challenges and Solutions. Asian Journal of Research in Computer Science, 17(6), 145–156.


Download data is not yet available.


Rahman MM, Khan SA. Cyber threats and vulnerabilities in Bangladesh: A comprehensive overview. International Journal of Computer Applications. 2017; 164(7):1-7.

CNSS. Committee on National Security Systems (CNSS) Glossary. Committee on National Security Systems; 2015 Available:

Craigen D, Diakun-Thibault N, Purse R. Defining cybersecurity. Technology Innovation Management Review; 2014

Bonnya MA. Cyber threat and security: Bangladesh perspective. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS). 2020;25(3):19-28. DOI: 10.9790/0837-2503081928.

BTRC. Internet Subscribers. Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission;2018 Available:

Canongia C, Mandarino R. Cybersecurity: The new challenge of the information society. Crisis Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications. 2013;1–3:60–80. Available:

Papalkar RR, Alvi AS. A hybrid CNN approach for unknown attack detection in edge-based IoT Networks. EAI Endorsed Transactions on Scalable Information Systems; 2024. Available:

Kanse R, Ajagekar S, Patil T, Motekar H, Rathod V, Papalkar R, Ali S. We Safe: A safety app for all. In Artificial Intelligence, Block chain, Computing and Security. CRC Press. 2023;1:441- 446.

Sikder AS, Islam MR. Enhancing cyber-resilience within Bangladesh's legal framework: evaluating preparedness and mitigation strategies against technologically-driven threats. International Journal of Imminent Science and Technology. 2023;1(1):38-55. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.10896.99842.

Sikder AS. Cybersecurity framework for ensuring confidentiality, integrity, and availability of university management systems in Bangladesh. International Journal of Imminent Science and Technology. 2023;1(1):4-5.

Zawad NM. Cyber security in Bangladesh: An overview of threats and prospects. Addaiyan Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences. 2022; 5(01):1-11. ISSN: 2581-8783 DOI: 10.36099/ajahss.5.1.1

Abbas M. Cyberbullying increases by 20%. The Daily Star; 2022. Available:

Paul S. Bangladesh is at serious risk of cyber crimes. What are we doing wrong? Dhaka Tribune; 2022 Available:

The Business Standard. Majority of banks at high cyber risks: BIBM study. The Business Standard; 2022 Available:

The Daily Star. 73pc victims stay mum: study. The Daily Star; 2022 Available: cybercrime-73pc-victims-stay-mumstudy-3094241

Al Mamun A, Ibrahim JB, Mostofa SM. Cyber security awareness in Bangladesh: An overview of challenges and strategies. International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology Research. 2021;9(1):88-94.

Ahmed R, Choudhury SA. Legal challenges in cybersecurity governance: Bangladesh perspective. International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security (IJCSIS). 2021;19(5): 115-121.

Kabir MN, Rana MM. Cyber security awareness in Bangladesh: A study on the people's perception. International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security (IJCSIS). 2020;18(3): 50-58.

Khan MA. Cybersecurity challenges and policy considerations in developing nations: The case of Bangladesh. Journal of Information Privacy and Security. 2020;16(3):210-224.

Rahman MA, Haque M. Cybersecurity challenges and policy considerations in Bangladesh. International Journal of Computer Applications. 2019;182(10):22-28.

Islam A, Hossain M. Cybersecurity preparedness in Bangladesh: A critical assessment of current strategies. International Journal of Cyber Warfare and Terrorism (IJCWT). 2018;8(2):48- 63.

Hossain MA, Rahman MM. Cybersecurity challenges in Bangladesh: An analysis. International Journal of Computer Applications. 2018;181(32):10-15.

Islam MS, Ahmed R. Cyber security in Bangladesh: Challenges and solutions. International Journal of Computer Applications. 2017;176(8):14-18.

Muller LP. Cyber security capacity building in developing countries. Norwegian Institute for International Affairs (NUPI); 2015.

Barua J. Amendment Information Technology and Communication Act. The Daily Star; 2014. Available: /supplements/amended-information-technology -and communication- act- 4688

Bleyder K. Cyber Security: The emerging threat landscape (Issue 10). Dhaka: Bangladesh Institute of Peace and Security Studies; 2012.