Cybersecurity Considerations for Smart Bangladesh: Challenges and Solutions

Sree Pradip Kumer Sarker *

Bangladesh University of Professionals, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh.

Raza Zahir Khan

Bangladesh University of Professionals, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Cybersecurity stands as a cornerstone for safeguarding the integrity, security, and prosperity of a nation in the digital era. It involves a multifaceted approach to protect interconnected digital systems, critical infrastructure, and sensitive data. In the context of a smart nation, where interconnected devices, sensors, and systems are integrated to enhance efficiency and quality of life, cybersecurity becomes even more crucial. As Bangladesh progresses towards its vision of becoming a Smart Nation, characterized by extensive integration of digital technologies into various sectors, cybersecurity emerges as a critical concern. The rapid digitization of infrastructure and services, driven by initiatives such as smart cities, e-governance, and digital healthcare, introduces new vulnerabilities and threats that must be addressed to safeguard against cyber-attacks and protect sensitive data. This paper explores the cybersecurity landscape of Bangladesh in the context of its Smart Nation aspirations, identifying key challenges and proposing solutions to mitigate risks. The cybersecurity challenges facing Smart Bangladesh initiatives are multifaceted and include inadequate cybersecurity policies, limited awareness and education, insufficient investment in cybersecurity infrastructure, and the proliferation of Internet of Things (IoT) devices with inherent vulnerabilities. These challenges expose smart systems to a range of threats, including malware and ransomware attacks, data breaches, insider threats, Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, and IoT vulnerabilities. To address these challenges, stakeholders must adopt a proactive and multi-layered approach to cybersecurity. Recommendations include the development of comprehensive cybersecurity policies, enhanced public awareness and education campaigns, investment in cybersecurity infrastructure, implementation of secure-by-design principles in smart infrastructure development, and fostering public-private partnerships to share threat intelligence and resources. By prioritizing cybersecurity considerations and implementing robust cybersecurity measures, Bangladesh can build a resilient and secure digital ecosystem that supports its Smart Nation goals. However, addressing cybersecurity challenges requires coordinated efforts from government agencies, private sector organizations, academia, and civil society to create a cyber-resilient environment conducive to sustainable development and innovation. The author found this area of utmost interest and decided to delve deep into the aspects related to cybersecurity, in order to develop a well-designed journey towards a digitally transformed Bangladesh.

Keywords: Cybersecurity, smart Bangladesh, smart cities, threats, solutions, policy


How to Cite

Sarker, S. P. K., & Khan , R. Z. (2024). Cybersecurity Considerations for Smart Bangladesh: Challenges and Solutions. Asian Journal of Research in Computer Science, 17(6), 145–156. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajrcos/2024/v17i6464

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