Expert System Based on Rules and Medical Knowledge for the Medical Diagnosis of Typhoid Fever (XperTyph)

Main Article Content

Humberto Cuteso Matumueni
Alcides Romualdo Neto Simbo

Abstract

Today, common diseases like malaria, typhoid, cholera and others are becoming more dangerous problems for people living in this world. It is simple to use, portable, inexpensive and makes the diagnosis of typhoid faster, more efficient and more accurate, and helps doctors avoid wasting time on the diagnosis of typhoid and the publication of results. The objective is to know how to avoid the queue of patients in the hospital. In this article, the author proposed a model of expert systems using the knowledge of physicians and other health professionals. The expert system Xper Typh is useful for patients who suffer from typhoid fever. This system will give a response similar to that of a doctor or a medical expert. This system is also very useful in rural areas where we have young medical experts or no medical experts. Study cross-sectional between the Cabinda Provincial Hospital and the Center 1st of May Health in Cabinda during June 2015 and July 2018. We included 65 patients (22 men, 28 women and 15 children); age group from 5 to 75 years old. The patients examined presented different symptoms and signs. On 65 patients, 20 patients with confirmed fever, 25 patients without confirmed fever and 20 contraction patients between the expert system and the physician. The results between the doctor and the expert system are as follows: Sixty-five patients were diagnosed with XpertTyph. The XpertTyph correctly identified 20/65 (30%) of patients with typhoid fever and 25/65 (41%) of patients not suffering from typhoid fever. That is 71% concordance and 29% discrepancy. The criterion of validity of the model presented the best content for a certain level of average diagnosis for the diagnosis (k = 0.21 to 0.40) for typhoid fever which corresponds to 69% of confidence.

Keywords:
Diagnose, fever typhoid, decision table, expert system, XperTyph.

Article Details

How to Cite
Cuteso Matumueni, H., & Neto Simbo, A. R. (2019). Expert System Based on Rules and Medical Knowledge for the Medical Diagnosis of Typhoid Fever (XperTyph). Asian Journal of Research in Computer Science, 4(2), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajrcos/2019/v4i230111
Section
Original Research Article

References

Nathnac. Health professionals; 2014.
[Retrieved 3rd January, 2015]
Available:https://www.nathnac.ord/pro/factsheets/typhoid.htm

Egoz N, Shihab S, Leitner L, Lucian M. An outbreak of typhoid fever due to contamination of the municipal water supply in northern Israel. Isr. J. Med. Sci; 1988.

Gath SJ, Kulkarni RV. A Review: Expert system for diagnosis of myocardial infarction. International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies (IJCSIT). 2012;3.

World Health Organization (WHO). Background document: The diagnosis, treatment and prevention of typhoid fever communicable disease surveillance and response vaccines and Biologicals; 2003.
Available:http://www.who.int/rpc/TFGuideWHO.pdf./

World Health Organization (WHO). 2017. Typhoid Fever; 2016.
Available:http://www.who.int/ith/vaccines/typhoidfever/en/

Who Background paper to SAGE on Typhoid Policy Recommendations; 2017.
Available:http://www.who.int/immunization/sage

Who (Initiative for vaccine research: Ivr/Diarrheal diseases). Typhoid fever.
Available:www.who.int/vaccine_research/diseases/diarrhoeal

Who Background paper to SAGE on Typhoid Policy Recommendations;2017.
Available:http://www.who.int/immunization/sage

Adewole KS, Hambali MA, Jimoh MK. Rule based expert system for diseases dignosis. book of proceedings, international science, technology, engineering, arts, management and social sciences (iSTREAMS) Multidisciplinary Conference. Longe OB, Jimoh RG, Ebem DU. (Eds). 2015;7:183–190.

Gideon Global Infectious Disease Epidemiology Network; 2012.
Available:http://www.gideononline.com/

Fisher J. MYCIN Clinical Decision Support System.
Available:http://neamh.cns.uni.edu/MedInfo/mycin.html

Miller R. Practical UML: A Hands-On Introduction for Developers.
Available:http://edn.embarcadero.com/article/

Cohen J. A coefficient of agreement for nominal scales, Educ. Psychol. Meas.1960;20:27-46.